2019-03-25 Welcome guest,  Sign In  |  Sign Up
Chin. Opt. Lett.
 Home  List of Issues    Issue 03 , Vol. 17 , 2019    10.3788/COL201917.031901

Absorption saturation measurement using the tapered optical nanofiber in a hot cesium vapor
Zixuan Song1;2, Xingyu Yue3, Yu Luo3, Haodong Li3, and Yanting Zhao1;2
1 State Key Laboratory of Quantum Optics and Quantum Optics Devices, Institute of Laser Spectroscopy, [Shanxi University], Taiyuan 030006, China
2 Collaborative Innovation Center of Extreme Optics, [Shanxi University], Taiyuan 030006, China
3 College of Physics and Electronics Engineering, [Shanxi University], Taiyuan 030006, China

Chin. Opt. Lett., 2019, 17(03): pp.031901

Topic:Nonlinear optics
Keywords(OCIS Code): 190.4360  300.6210  350.4238  

We report the observation of ultralow-power absorption saturation in a tapered optical fiber (TOF) mounted in a hot cesium (Cs) vapor in a vacuum chamber. The small optical mode area of TOF produces a great influence on optical properties, allowing optical interactions with nanowatt-level power. The comparison of transmission characteristics for the TOF system and free-space vapor is investigated at different input power and atomic density. The unique performance of the Cs-TOF system makes it a promising candidate in resonant nonlinear optical applications with ultralow power.

Copyright: © 2003-2012 . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 View PDF (389 KB)


Posted online:2019/2/28

Get Citation: Zixuan Song, Xingyu Yue, Yu Luo, Haodong Li, and Yanting Zhao, "Absorption saturation measurement using the tapered optical nanofiber in a hot cesium vapor," Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(03), 031901(2019)

Note: This work is supported by the National Key Research and Development program (No. 2017YFA0304203), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61675120, 11434007, and 61875110), NSFC Project for Excellent Research Team (No. 61121064), Shanxi Scholarship Council of China, “1331 KSC”, PCSIRT (No. IRT 13076), and Applied Basic Research Project of Shanxi Province (No. 201601D202008).


1. D. Braun, J. Hoffman, and E. Tiesinga, Phys. Rev. A 83, 62305 (2011).

2. R. Z. Vered, Y. Shaked, Y. Ben-Or, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Pe’er, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 063902 (2015).

3. R. T. Willis, F. E. Becerra, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, Phys. Rev. A 79, 033814 (2009).

4. L. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, Nature (London) 414, 413 (2001).

5. D. Petrosyan, and M. Fleischhauer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 170501 (2008).

6. D. Petrosyan, G. Bensky, G. Kurizki, I. Mazets, J. Majer, and J. Schmiedmayer, Phys. Rev. A 79, 040304(R) (2009).

7. S. Liang, Y. Xu, and Q. Lin, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 090201 (2017).

8. K. Wang, W. Zhang, Z. Zhou, M. Dong, S. Shi, S. Liu, D. Ding, and B. Shi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 15, 060201 (2017).

9. L. Stern, B. Desiatov, I. Goykhman, and U. Levy, Nat. Commun. 4, 1548 (2013).

10. M. Lai, J. D. Franson, and T. B. Pittman, Appl. Opt. 52, 2595 (2013).

11. S. M. Hendrickson, M. M. Lai, T. B. Pittman, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173602 (2010).

12. D. E. Jones, J. D. Franson, and T. B. Pittman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 1997 (2014).

13. A. Goban, K. S. Choi, D. J. Alton, D. Ding, C. Lacro?te, M. Pototschnig, T. Thiele, N. P. Stern, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 033603 (2012).

14. M. Kohnen, M. Succo, P. G. Petrov, R. A. Nyman, M. Trupke, and E. A. Hinds, Nat. Photon. 5, 35 (2011).

15. T. A. Birks, and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).

16. L. Tong, J. Lou, and E. Mazur, Opt. Express 12, 1025 (2004).

17. J. Su, L. Cui, Y. Li, and X. Li, Chin. Opt. Lett. 16, 041903 (2018).

18. F. L. Kien, J. Q. Liang, K. Hakuta, and V. I. Balykin, Opt. Commun. 242, 445 (2004).

19. K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, 2000).

20. S. M. Spillane, G. S. Pati, K. Salit, M. Hall, P. Kumar, R. G. Beausoleil, and M. S. Shahriar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 233602 (2008).

21. T. B. Pittman, D. E. Jones, and J. D. Franson, Phys. Rev. A 88, 053804 (2013).

22. E. Vetsch, D. Reitz, G. Sagué, R. Schmidt, S. T. Dawkins, and A. Rauschenbeutel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 203603 (2010).

23. K. Salit, M. Salit, S. Krishnamurthy, Y. Wang, P. Kumar, and M. S. Shariar, Opt. Express 19, 22874 (2011).

24. J. E. Hoffman, S. Ravets, J. A. Grover, P. Solano, P. R. Kordell, J. D. Wong-Campos, L. A. Orozco, and S. L. Rolston, AIP Adv. 4, 067124 (2014).

25. E. R. L. Abraham, and E. A. Cornell, Appl. Opt. 37, 1762 (1998).

26. M. Fujiwara, K. Toubaru, and S. Takeuchi, Opt. Express 19, 8596 (2011).

27. D. A. Steck, “Quantum and atom optics ”, 2017, http://steck.us/teaching.

28. D. A. Steck, “Cesium D line data ”, 2010, http://steck.us/alkalidata.

Save this article's abstract as
Copyright©2018 Chinese Optics Letters 沪ICP备15018463号-7 公安备案沪公网安备 31011402005522号