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Chin. Opt. Lett.
 Home  List of Issues    Issue 03 , Vol. 17 , 2019    10.3788/COL201917.030604


Visible light positioning: moving from 2D planes to 3D spaces [Invited]
E. W. Lam, T. D. C. Little
Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, [Boston University], Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA

Chin. Opt. Lett., 2019, 17(03): pp.030604

DOI:10.3788/COL201917.030604
Topic:Fiber optics and optical communication
Keywords(OCIS Code): 060.2605  060.4510  280.4788  

Abstract
The global navigation satellite system (GNSS) is a well-established outdoor positioning system with industry-wide impact due to the multifaceted applications of navigation, tracking, and automation. At large, however, is the indoor equivalent. One hierarchy of solutions, visible light positioning (VLP) with its promise of centimeter-scale accuracy and widespread coverage indoors, has emerged as a viable, easy to configure, and inexpensive candidate. We investigate how the state-of-the-art VLP systems fare against two hard barriers in indoor positioning: the need for high accuracy and the need to position in the three-dimensions (3D). We find that although most schemes claim centimeter-level accuracy for some proposed space or plane, those accuracies do not translate into a realistic 3D space due to diminishing field-of-view in 3D and assumptions made on the operating space. We do find two favorable solutions in ray–surface positioning and gain differentials. Both schemes show good positioning errors, low-cost potential, and single-luminaire positioning functionality.

Copyright: © 2003-2012 . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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Received:2018/10/2
Accepted:2018/12/27
Posted online:2019/3/5

Get Citation: E. W. Lam, T. D. C. Little, "Visible light positioning: moving from 2D planes to 3D spaces [Invited]," Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(03), 030604(2019)

Note: AcknowledgmentsThis work is supported in part by the Engineering Research Centers Program of the National Science Foundation under NSF Cooperative Agreement No. EEC-0812056.



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