2019-01-16 Welcome guest,  Sign In  |  Sign Up
Chin. Opt. Lett.
 Home  List of Issues    Issue 04 , Vol. 16 , 2018    10.3788/COL201816.040607

Investigation on the pre-compensation and post-?compensation cascaded multi-channel-chirped fiber Bragg gratings for a repeaterless transmission system
K. Khairi1;2, H. Fong Kok1, Z. Lambak1, M. I. Abdan1, M. A. Farhan1, M. H. Othman1, M. L. H. Jamaluddin1, S. A. Mohamad Rofie1, Tee Din Chai1, K. Chia Ching1, A. Mohd. Ramli1, M. A. Mokhtar1, S. A. Syed Ahmad1, M. Mokhtar2, S. B. Ahmad Anas2, and M. A. Mahdi2
1 [TM Research &
Development Sdn. Bhd., Lingkaran Teknokrat Timur], 63000 Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Wireless and Photonics Network Research Center, Department of Computer &
Communication Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, [Universiti Putra Malaysia], 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Chin. Opt. Lett., 2018, 16(04): pp.040607

Topic:Fiber optics and optical communication
Keywords(OCIS Code): 060.2330  060.4510  

We experimentally designed dispersion-managed repeaterless transmission systems with a pre-compensation and post-compensation technique using multi-channel-chirped fiber Bragg gratings. The repeaterless transmission link supports a single channel (1548.51 nm) with a 10 Gbps repeaterless transmission system over 300 km standard single-mode fiber (SSMF). In the system design, two distributed Raman amplifiers (DRAs) were used to improve the signal level propagated along the 300 km SSMF. The co-propagating DRA provided 15 dB on–off gain and the counter-propagating produced 32 dB on–off gain at the signal wavelength. The experiment results show that the post-compensation configuration achieves an optimal performance with a bit error rate at 1×10?9.

Copyright: © 2003-2012 . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 View PDF (788 KB)


Posted online:2018/3/26

Get Citation: K. Khairi, H. Fong Kok, Z. Lambak, M. I. Abdan, M. A. Farhan, M. H. Othman, M. L. H. Jamaluddin, S. A. Mohamad Rofie, Tee Din Chai, K. Chia Ching, A. Mohd. Ramli, M. A. Mokhtar, S. A. Syed Ahmad, M. Mokhtar, S. B. Ahmad Anas, and M. A. Mahdi, "Investigation on the pre-compensation and post-?compensation cascaded multi-channel-chirped fiber Bragg gratings for a repeaterless transmission system," Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(04), 040607(2018)

Note: This research was supported by the Telekom Malaysia Berhad (TM) and TM Research & Development Sdn Bhd (RDTC/110782 and RDTC/140859). The highest gratitude to the Repeaterless team and Mr. Sundhar Subramaniam, who provided insight and expertise that greatly assisted the research. The author thanks Dr. Nizam Tamchek for his assistance on understanding FBG theory and principle. Also, thanks to Dr. Chongjin Xie and Dr. Muhammad Zamzuri for their comments that greatly improved the manuscript.


1. V. Watanabe, and V. Anderson, FUJITSU Sci. Tech. J. 45, 34 (1999).

2. Y. Inada, Y. Kanno, I. Matsuoka, T. Inoue, T. Nakano, and T. Ogata, NEC Corporation, SubOptic 1, 1 (2010).

3. Y. Inada, T. Ito, K. Fukuchi, T. Koga, and T. Ogata, SubOptic (2007).

4. G. Charlet, Proc. SPIE 6353, 635316 (2006).

5. T. J. Xia, D. L. Peterson, G. A. Wellbrock, D. Il Chang, P. Perrier, H. Fevrier, S. Ten, C. Tower, and G. Mills, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition (2014), p.?5.

6. D. A. Mongardien, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper 4.05.

7. J. D. Downie, J. Hurley, J. Cartledge, S. Ten, S. Bickham, S. Mishra, X. Zhu, and A. Kobyakov, in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), paper?We.7.C.5.

8. B. Bakhshi, and S. Papernyi, in 31st European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2005), p.?73.

9. S. Bhandare, A. Joshi, and D. Becker, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 47 (2010).

10. J. D. Downie, and J. Hurley, Opt. Express 15, 9527 (2007).

11. C. Wree, and S. Bhandare, Photon. Technol. 20, 407 (2008).

12. T. Ilavarasan, and M. Meenakshi, J. Opt. 44, 255 (2015).

13. E. Iannone, Telecommunication Networks (CRC Press, 2012).

14. N. M. Sharif, A. H. Sulaiman, and M. A. Mahdi, in 1st International Conference on Telematics and Future Generation Networks (TAFGEN) (2015), p.?107.

15. K. Khairi, and Z. Lambak, in RF Microw. (2011), p.?254.

16. M. Hayee, and A. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1271 (1997).

17. C. Peucheret, N. Hanik, R. Freund, L. Molle, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 992 (2000).

18. I. Navruz, and A. Altuncu, in New Trends in Computer Networks - 20th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences (2005), p.?114.

19. J. Lasobras, and A. Villafranca, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2009), p.?2.

20. P. J. Winzer, and R.-J. Essiambre, Proc. IEEE 94, 952 (2006).

21. M. Haris, J. Yu, and G. Chang, in Conference on Lasers Electron (2006), p.?2.

Save this article's abstract as
Copyright©2018 Chinese Optics Letters 沪ICP备15018463号-7 公安备案沪公网安备 31011402005522号