2017-12-16 Welcome guest,  Sign In  |  Sign Up
Chin. Opt. Lett.
 Home  List of Issues    Issue 10 , Vol. 15 , 2017    10.3788/COL201715.100301


Ultralow-noise single-photon detection based on precise temperature controlled photomultiplier with enhanced electromagnetic shielding
Mingyu Wang1, Zhengyong Li1, Yanhui Cai1, Yi Zhang2, Xiangkong Zhan1, Haiyang Wang1, and Chongqing Wu1
1 Key Lab of Education Ministry on Luminescence and Optical Information Technology, [Beijing Jiaotong University], Beijing 1 00044, China
2 The Institute of Optics, [University of Rochester], 2 75 Hutchison Road, Rochester, New York 1462 7, USA

Chin. Opt. Lett., 2017, 15(10): pp.100301

DOI:10.3788/COL201715.100301
Topic:Coherence optics and statistical optics
Keywords(OCIS Code): 030.5260  040.5250  

Abstract
We demonstrate an ultralow-noise single-photon detection system based on a sensitive photomultiplier tube (PMT) with precise temperature control, which can capture fast single photons with intervals around 10 ns. By improvement of the electromagnetic shielding and introduction of the self-differencing method, the dark counts (DCs) are cut down to ~1%. We further develop an ultra-stable PMT cooling subsystem and observe that the DC goes down by a factor of 3.9 each time the temperature drops 10°C. At ?20°C it is reduced 400 times with respect to the room temperature (25°C), that is, it becomes only 2 counts per second, which is on par with the superconducting nanowire detectors. Meanwhile, despite a 50% loss, the detection efficiency is still 13%. Our detector is available for ultra-precise single-photon detection in environments with strong electromagnetic disturbances.

Copyright: © 2003-2012 . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 View PDF (724 KB)

Share:


Received:2017/5/3
Accepted:2017/6/6
Posted online:2017/6/27

Get Citation: Mingyu Wang, Zhengyong Li, Yanhui Cai, Yi Zhang, Xiangkong Zhan, Haiyang Wang, and Chongqing Wu, "Ultralow-noise single-photon detection based on precise temperature controlled photomultiplier with enhanced electromagnetic shielding," Chin. Opt. Lett. 15(10), 100301(2017)

Note: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11574026 and 11274037), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University, MOE of China (No. NCET-12-0765), and the Foundation for the Author of National Excellent Doctoral Dissertation, China (No. 201236).



References

1. C.-Z. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W.-B. Gao, H.-X. Ma, H. Yin, H.-P. Zeng, T. Yang, X.-B. Wang, and J.-W. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

2. V. Scarani, H. Bechmann-Pasquinucci, N. J. Cerf, M. Dusek, N. Lütkenhaus, and M. Peev, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1301 (2009).

3. R. Benninger, W. Ashby, E. Ring, and D. Piston, Opt. Lett. 33, 2895 (2008).

4. G. Howland, D. Lum, W. Ware, and J. Howell, Opt. Express 21, 23822 (2013).

5. Y. Zhang, Y. He, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and W. Chen, Chin. Opt. Lett. 14, 111101 (2016).

6. L. Xue, M. Li, L. Zhang, D. Zhai, Z. Li, L. Kang, Y. Li, H. Fu, M. Ming, S. Zhang, X. Tao, Y. Xiong, and P. Wu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 14, 071201 (2016).

7. R. Hadfield, Nat. Photon. 3, 696 (2009).

8. Y. Shi, Z. Li, B. Feng, P. Yan, B. Du, H. Zhou, H. Pan, and G. Wu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 14, 030401 (2016).

9. H. Q. Ma, J. H. Yang, K. J. Wei, R. X. Li, and W. Zhu, Chin. Phys. B 23, 120308 (2014).

10. F. Zheng, C. Wang, Z. B. Sun, and G. J. Zhai, Chin. Phys. B 25, 010306 (2016).

11. L. L. Xu, E. Wu, X. R. Gu, Y. Jian, G. Wu, and H. P. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 161106 (2009).

12. C. Zhang, and R. Z. Jiao, Chin. Phys. B 21, 120306 (2012).

13. G. N. Golt?sman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 705 (2001).

14. S. Donati, and T. Tambosso, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 204 (2014).

15. B. E. Kardynal, Z. L. Yuan, and A. J. Shields, Nat. Photon. 2, 425 (2008).

16. W. Becker, Advanced Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting Techniques (Springer-Verlag, 2005), p.?231.


Save this article's abstract as
Copyright©2014 Chinese Optics Letters 沪ICP备05015387