2019-02-18 Welcome guest,  Sign In  |  Sign Up
Chin. Opt. Lett.
 Home  List of Issues    Issue 08 , Vol. 07 , 2009    10.3788/COL20090708.0718

Fast lateral photovoltaic effect in ferroelectric LiNbO3 single crystals
Zhiqing Lü1, Kun Zhao1;2, Hao Liu1, Na Zhou1, Hui Zhao1, Lei Gao1, Songqing Zhao1, Aijun Wang1
1 Laboratory of Fiber Optic Sensing Technology, [China University of Petroleum], Beijing 102249, China
2 [International Center for Materials Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences], Shenyang 110016, China

Chin. Opt. Lett., 2009, 07(08): pp.718-719-2

Keywords(OCIS Code): 160.3730  160.2260  320.7120  

We report the fast lateral photovoltaic effect in pure congruent LiNbO3 crystal induced by pulsed laser and continuous wave laser with wavelengths of 355, 532, and 1064 nm. A typical ultrafast photovoltage can be observed on the surface perpendicular to the c axis, with the rise time of 1.5 ns and the full-width at half-maximum of 1–2 ns, when the laser pulse inhomogeneously irradiates on the crystal. The peak open-circuit photovoltages show a linear dependence on the incident laser intensities. The mechanism of the photovoltaic characteristics is proposed.

Copyright: © 2003-2012 . This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 View PDF (1484 KB)


Posted online:

Get Citation: Zhiqing Lü, Kun Zhao, Hao Liu, Na Zhou, Hui Zhao, Lei Gao, Songqing Zhao, Aijun Wang, "Fast lateral photovoltaic effect in ferroelectric LiNbO3 single crystals," Chin. Opt. Lett. 07(08), 718-719-2(2009)

Note: This work was supported by the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 50672132 and 60778034), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (No. 200804250006), the Key Project of Chinese Ministry of Education (No. 107020), and the Beijng Natural Science Foundation (No. 4082026).


1. D. Wang, Journal of Shanxi Teacher’s University (Natural Science Edition) (in Chinese) 19, 71 (2005).

2. R. S. Weis and T. K. Gaylord, Appl. Phys. A 37, 191 (1985).

3. X. Yang, X. Xu, Y. Shao, Z. Shao, and Y. Xu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 23, 398 (2003).

4. D. Li, D. Liu, Y. Zhi, Z. Luan, and L. Liu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1398 (2007).

5. C. Herzog, G. Poberaj, and P. Günter, Opt. Commun. 281, 793 (2008).

6. E. G. Gamaly, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, H. Misawa, A. V. Rode, W. Z. Krolikowski, and K. Kitamura, Current Appl. Phys. 8, 416 (2008).

7. Q. Wang, J. Lü, D. Xiong, J. Zhou, H. Huang, A. Miao, S. Cai, Y. Huang, and X. Ren, Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 358 (2007).

8. K.-J. Jin, K. Zhao, H.-B. Lu, L. Liao, and G.-Z. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 081906 (2007).

9. F. S. Chen, J. Appl. Phys. 40, 3389 (1969).

10. C. Dai, L. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhou, Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, 507 (2005).

11. J. N. Lee, N. J. Berg, and P. S. Brody, Ferroelectrics 27, 139 (1980).

12. E. M. Bourim, C.-W. Moon, S.-W. Lee, and I. K. Yoo, Physica B 383, 171 (2006).

13. H. Feng, J. Wen, H. Wang, and H. Wang, Appl. Phys. A 51, 394 (1990).

14. A. M. Glass, D. von der Linde, and T. J. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233 (1974).

15. M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, Y. Liu, S. Kumaragurubaran, S. M. Babu, H. Hatano, and K. Kitamura, Opt. Mater. 31, 280 (2008).

16. M. Simon, S. Wevering, K. Buse, and E. Kratzig, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 30, 144 (1997).

17. D.-L. Zhang, R. Ma, E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Mater. 28, 453 (2006).

18. G. Malovichko, V. Grachev, and O. Schirmer, Appl. Phys. B 68, 785 (1999).

19. K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 64, 273 (1997).

20. K. Buse, Appl. Phys. B 64, 391 (1997).

Save this article's abstract as
Copyright©2018 Chinese Optics Letters 沪ICP备15018463号-7 公安备案沪公网安备 31011402005522号